Lygia Clark (b. Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 1920; d. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1988) studied in Rio de Janeiro and moved to Paris to study with Fernand Léger in 1950. Clark was part of the Grupo Frente (formed in 1953) and the Neo-Concretist Manifesto (1959), and also worked extensively in Europe as an artist and teacher, later developing an interest in the healing and therapeutic potential of art.
Important solo and group exhibitions during her lifetime included the early São Paulo Biennials (1953-1967), the Second Pilot Show of Kinetic Work, curated by Guy Brett at the Signals Gallery, London in 1962, Mouvement II at the Galerie Denise René in Paris in 1964, and a retrospective at the Venice Biennale in 1968.
Important posthumous exhibitions include a major retrospective at the Fundació Tàpies, Barcelona (1997; travelled to MAC Marseille; Fundação de Serralves, Porto; Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels and Paço Imperial, Rio de Janeiro); The Experimental Exercise of Freedom, LA MoCA, Los Angeles (1999); WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution, LA MoCA, Los Angeles (2007); The Art of Participation: 1950 to Now, SFMoMA, San Francisco (2008); Elles@CentrePompidou at the Pompidou Centre, Paris (2009), and Estudos e Maquetes, Alison Jacques Gallery, London (2010). Clark will be the subject of a major retrospective at MoMA, New York 10 May – 24 August 2014 .
Clark’s work is held in collections worldwide including MoMA, New York; Tate Modern, London; The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX; MAM, Rio de Janeiro; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid and Centre Pompidou, Paris.